Pumpkin is one of the familiar fall vegetables in the home garden.
En summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Cucurbita maxima
Family : Cucurbits
Type : Vegetable
Height : 20 to 50 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich and well drained
Harvest : September to December
- Read also: health benefits of pumpkin
From sowing to harvest, every gesture is important and will help you have beautiful pumpkins.
Sowing and planting pumpkin
Sowing can be done from March under shelter and in a bucket with a transplanting after any risk of frost, or directly in place from the month of May.
- Pumpkins like heat and therefore need a warm to temperate climate to rise properly.
For the bucket sowing in spring, it should be done about 3 weeks before transplanting into the ground. We must therefore not sow too early.
- Lightly press in 2 to 3 seeds per cup
- Once raised, we only keep the most vigorous plant
- 3 weeks later, you can put in the ground provided that all risk of frost is eliminated
You can also perform a sowing directly in the ground from the month of may
- The richer your land, the better your production will be.
- So don't hesitate to add manure or fertilizer as soon as you plant.
- Loosen the soil well before sowing
You can pinch the stems above the 3rd or 4th leaf in order to stimulate the development of the plant, you will have a better production.
Once the plants are well developed, it is necessary mulch the foot to keep the soil cool and moist.
- Mulching also prevents the pumpkins from touching the ground and thus prevent rot
Regarding the pumpkin harvest, you can pick the pumpkins as soon as the leaves dry out.
Ideal pumpkin harvest period:
The fruits start to be ripe in September, but the ideal is to pick your pumpkins when the peduncle is very dry and the yellowed foliage.
- This is why the harvest is usually done at beginning of October.
- We must harvest them before the first frosts, when their color is orange.
After picking, the pumpkins can be stored for several months, in one dry place at a temperature ranging from 10 to 15 ° C.
Once cut, the shelf life of the pumpkin is shorter
- Wrapped in cling film, it will keep for several days in the refrigerator
- Cut into pieces and packed in a bag, it will keep for several months in the freezer
- They can be blanched for 1 min in boiling water before freezing them, the result will be better when defrosted
To know about the pumpkin
Native to North America, the squash comes in a wide variety of shape, color and size.
Rich in vitamin A, B and C, these fruits also have the advantage of keep for a long time during winter, ideally at a temperature of around 10/12 °.
Composed of 92% water, pumpkin is quite low in calories and rich in potassium, which makes it an excellent vegetable for hypertension. The pumpkin contains approximately 20 kcal per 100 g of pumpkin.
Benefiting from a very low calorie intake and good fiber content, pumpkin is therefore excellent for health and for the diet.
His flesh, too rich in vitamin A offers recognized antioxidant properties.
- Squash jam: the delicious recipe
In terms of varieties, the most cultivated pumpkins in France are the Rouge Vif d´Etampes and the Jaune Gros de Paris. Obviously, we also appreciate the pumpkin whose flesh, slightly sweet, evokes chestnut.
- Butternut squash: cultivation advice and maintenance
- Pumpkin: health benefits and virtues
Smart tip about pumpkin
Be careful not to let too much fruit develop on each plant (maximum 5 or 6) as you risk altering the general quality of the harvest.
It is necessary to remove, as of the formation of the fruits, those which are less large and less vigorous.